One of the oldest European towns, Nessebar is situated on a small peninsula, 37 km north-east of Bourgas and 429 km east of Sofia. The beach is considered to be the best along the Black Sea coast. The old town of Nessebar is under the protection of UNESCO. In Nessebar ancient roman ruins and museum atmosphere combined with modern hotels and nice beaches
New Nessebar, located on the mainland, houses most of the local population and modern facilities. Burgeoning with rest homes and hotels, it lacks the charm and sights of old Nessebar; but has the comfort of today's amenities. Also, new Nessebar has both a seaside wooded park and a sandy beach from which sunbathers can contemplate old Nessebar's charming shoreline. The beach also features a gentle slope from shallow to deep water as well as chair and umbrella rentals. Six kilometers up the road is the mega-resort of Sunny Beach.
Known as Messembria by its founders, Dorian Greeks, Nessebar was founded in the 6th century BC. Under the Romans the once-influential trading colony declined in importance in favor of neighboring Anchialo (Pomorie) and it became a remote outpost in the empire's northern reaches. In the 7th century, the Bulgarians under Khan Kroum managed to capture the fortified settlement from the Byzantines after a long siege. Nessebar's many churches and monasteries were granted special privileges, some of which were continued under the Ottomans.
Today, the narrow peninsula (an island in antiquity, it was later connected by a causeway) is one of Bulgaria's most delightful tourist spots. Designated a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sight in 1983, the tiny town attracts nearly a million yearly visitors.
The typical houses of Nessebar built in the unique style of 16 th- 19 th centuries are interesting architectural monuments. Although once graced by forty churches, Nessebar's dozen remaining medieval churches are the remnants of both Slav and Greek Orthodox communities that thrived here during the middle ages.
The churches in Nessebar are 41:
- One of the oldest sights is The Basilica of St. Sofia (or Old Metropolitan), situated on the seashore, built probably at the beginning of 5 th century.
- The St. John the Baptist church was built in 10 th century and is a typical cross domed church with three naves.
- Basilica of Virgin Eleusa - 6th c.
- The St. Stephen church - 11th c.
- The St. Theodor church - 13 th c.
- The Church of Archangels Gabriel and Michael - 13th-14th c.
- The St. Paraskeva church
- The Crist Pantocrator church - 13th-14th c.
- The Church of St. Spas - 17th c.
- The Church of Assumption - senctified 1894
- The St. John Aliturghetos church is considered to be the most beautiful one - 14th c.