The town of Pirdop is located in the Zlatitsa-Pirdop valley, between Stara Planina to the north and Sredna Gora to the south at 680 meters above the sea level. Ii is situated 77 km east of Sofia, 27 km south of Etropole, 32 km north of Panagiurishte and 32 km northwest of Koprivshtitsa.
The territory of the present town of Pirdop has been inhabited for more than 6000 years. The ancient Roman road connecting Ulpia Trayana with Ulpia Serdika was passing near by. Alexander the Great frequently visited these locations.
The hills over the tombs and the medieval ruins of the castles unequivocally indicate that various tribes have crossed and interrelated their destinies here.
During the years of the Bulgarian Renaissance the entrepreneurial citizens of Pirdop managed to transform their settlement into an economic and cultural center.
The local folkstyle mantles (abi), woolen homespun clothes (shaiatsi), woolen braiding, bed covers, blankets, candles and soap were highly valued at the markets in Vienna, Budapest, Constantinople, Thessaloniki and Alexandria. After the Liberation of Bulgaria Pirdop lost its markets, suffered a decline in production and a competition for survival.
- Lukanov’s House Museum (17, Slavtsi Street, tel.: 07181 5073),
- Nikola Poushkarov Museum (4, Nikola Poushkarov Street)- in the native house of the scientist who put the foundations of soil studies in Bulgaria .
- The outstanding Bulgarian writer and public figure Todor Vlaikov was born here.
The town of Pirdop is situated on the main highway and railway Sofia – Karlovo – Bourgas. There is a bus line running from the town to the nearby smaller towns and villages. The bus station in the town of Pirdop is in Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd.(tel.: 07181 5016, 5002), and the railway station (tel.: 07181 5771) is in the northern part of the town.
Except at the municipalities and at the hotels, information can be obtained from Paskal Tourist Association (in the Zdravets Tourist House) in Pirdop.
There can be seen remnants from the Neolithic era and hills covered with Thracian tombs.
Ruins from the time of Emperor Ustinian I are situated 6 km northeast of Pirdop. Near them are the ruins of an ancient settlement thought to be of the Thracian town of Burdapa.